It has been nearly 40 years since the first ‘test-tube baby’ was created. So how close are we ready to edit out all of our genetic imperfections – and should we even try to do so?
A designer baby is simply a human embryo which is genetically modified, to produce desirable traits. This is done using various methods, such as gene therapy or PGD.
Check out more on Everything you need to know about designer babies
Here is Ten facts about designer babies that you probably did not know :
1. The gene therapy technique
When parents want to have a child with desired traits, they can have it using the gene therapy techniques. It can also be used to treat diseases.
2. The Primary Benefit
The primary benefit of having a designer baby is that the baby will have lower risk of having disease. The specific genetic disease will be screened beforehand.
3. How To Get Embryos
The evaluation for designer baby can only be performed if the embryos or oocytes are available via IVF or vitro fertilization. It is considered as one of the assisted reproductive technologies.
4. The Genetic Traits
Atleast 1,500 different genetic traits can be tested at once by using a microchip today. It is said to provide major advantages over traditional techniques
5. A new technology?
It might occur to you that a designer baby is a new technology but you are wrong. In 1989, the scientists had created the first designers babies. In 1990, they were born.
6. Genetic engineering
The human gene pool may have deleterious effect if the designer baby is introduced via genetic engineering.
7. The Nonmedical traits
Some people want to have designer babies for non medical reasons. They can decide the hair color, sex, intelligence, athletic ability and cosmetic traits by having the proposed application of pre-implantation.
8. The Controversy
The controversy still occurs on how to people view the application of designer baby. The process caused by the nonmedical purpose is viewed negatively in the society.
9. The sex of the baby
It has been possible for the parents to select the sex of the baby as of 2009 since it involves with the X and Y chromosomes.
The risk of having a new disease is increased when the genetic modification is applied on the new organisms. With the evolution of Genetic engineering we are inviting new risks whose consequences are unknown.
Life as we know it is becoming programmable.
These changes are happening fast, in the next decade or so… beyond that, in the far future, things get likely to get even crazier.