Biorobots are everywhere. From the movies to real present-day medicine. Robots and Biology put the two together and you have Bio-Robotics. It doesn’t matter which way you combine them either. You can program or design a robot to be like a living organism. Think robots that look like humans or mechanisms that can replace limbs or even the Terminator.
Here are 30 facts about Biorobotics that you never knew about
1. Bio-Robotics is defined as the collective study of Cybernetics, Bionics and Genetic Engineering .
2. The creation of life from non-living matter for example, would be bio-robotics. The field is in its infancy and is sometimes known as synthetic biology or bio-nanotechnology.
3. The most obvious aspect of Biorobotics is biomimicry. It is the examination of nature, its models, systems, processes, and elements to take inspiration in order to design engineering systems or man-made devices.
4. Hypodermic needles were inspired by observing how snakes deliver poison through their fangs
5. Belt movement of military tank was inspired by observing the way a caterpillars moves.
6. Gas bombs of WWI were inspired by observing the poisonous spray released by the beetle
7. Biomimetic robots borrow their structure and senses from animals, such as birds or insects.Their abilities are copied from living organisms
8. “Animal Like” robots are playing an increasingly important link between the worlds of biology and engineering
9. The new, multidisciplinary field of bio-robotics provides tools for biologists studying animal behavior and movements.
10. An animal is affected by many complex signals within its environment, and because the animal invariably disturbs its environment, it constantly creates a new set of stimuli.
11. Biorobotics has helped biologists understand these complex animal- environment relationships to make Bio-robots.
12. A bipedal jumping and landing robot with artificial musculoskeletal system inspired on an animal(frog) has been presented. Experiments showed the abilities of the robot to realize vertical jumping.
13. A new bio-inspired climbing robot designed to scale smooth vertical surfaces has been presented. The robot, called Sticky bot, draws its inspiration from geckos and other climbing lizards and employs similar compliance and force control strategies to climb smooth vertical surfaces.
14. There are several applications of Bio-robotics: Tactical Military use, For Disabled People, Make advancements in the fields of Biology, Engineering, Computer Sciences, and many other scientific fields.
15. Brain-Computer Interface allows the use of computers by the physical handicap by taking signals directly from the brain.
16. Sensors hooked to the motor cortex of the brain enable monkeys to operate the robotic arm in the same manner as their biological arm.
17. Sarcos Soldier Exoskeleton -An exoskeleton which allows soldiers to do the strenuous activity without tiring.
18. DSO’s Revolutionizing Prosthetic Program: helps to give amputees the ability to move an attached prosthetic device using direct brain control.
19. Realistic-looking biomimetic fish are used to observe ocean life without alarming marine life. They perform activities such as checking pollution levels, hazardous leaks from vessels and underwater pipelines with the help of a built-in chemical sensor
20. A robot with a biological brain: consists of a collection of neurons cultured on a Multi-Electrode Array (MEA).The MEA is a dish with approximately 60 electrodes which pick up the electrical signals generated by the cells. This is then used to drive the movement of the robot. The robot has no additional control from a human or a computer, its sole means of control is from its own brain.
21. This type of robot is used to examine how memories manifest themselves in the brain, and how a brain stores specific pieces of data.It is also being used to study disorders of the brain such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
22. DDX or Disease Detector is a portable equipment with detection of response time and psychophysical conditions in normal and exceptional environments. It uses a simple joystick with a few buttons, an LCD display and a simple interface for remote communication of diagnosis.
23. Cockroach turned into fuel cell: A cockroaches own body chemistry is used to produce electricity which can power up tiny devices.When a cockroach eats it produces a sugar called trehalose, which is broken down by enzymes in the cockroaches blood called hemolymph.
24. It takes several steps for different enzymes to finish breaking down and converting sugar for food, but in the last step, electrons are released.By tapping into the electrons through wires inserted into its body and harnessing electricity researchers were able to generate about 60 microamperes of energy
25. A computer built from leech neurons The “leechulator” built from leech neuron scan perform simple addition and subtraction. It is able to come up with its own answer even when presented with partial information due to the ability of the neurons to make their own connections.
26 . Nubot is an abbreviation for “nucleic acid robot.”Nubots are organic molecular machines at the nanoscale. DNA structure can provide means to assemble 2D and 3D nanomechanical devices. DNA based machines can be activated using small molecules, proteins and other molecules of DNA. Biological circuit gates based on DNA materials have been engineered as molecular machines to allow in-vitro drug delivery for targeted health problems.
27. “Targeted muscle reinnervation technology” has helped to give hundred of amputees with bionic arms and legs.
28. Scientists have genetically modified salmonella bacteria that are drawn to tumors by chemicals secreted by cancer cells. The bacteria carry microscopic robots, about 3 micrometers in size, that automatically release capsules filled with drugs when the bacteria reach the tumor. This is how Nanorobots are helping to kill cancer cell
29 . Microbivore nanorobots function similar to white blood cells. They are designed in such a way that antibodies attach to the particular bacteria the robot is seeking. After bacteria attaches to an antibody, an arm grabs the bacteria and moves it to the inside of the nanorobot, where it’s destroyed. Bacteria is then discharged into the bloodstream as harmless fragments.
30. Bionic eye (artificial silicone retina): With the artificial retina device, a miniature camera mounted in eyeglasses captures images and wirelessly sends the information to a microprocessor (worn on a belt) that converts the data to an electronic signal and transmits it to a receiver on the eye.