Will you consider eating insects and algae as your regular diet? Well it looks like that’s what you will have in the near future.
In the last 20 years the yield of crops and agriculture production has increased significantly. But still there is a food scarcity globally as there is a rise in the population as well. Advancement of science has led to solve some of this crisis but it gets complicated year by year.
Their main aim is to make food sufficient for everyone and it provides the required nutrition. That means people in developing countries will have access to not only enough food but also nourished food with proper nutrients.
There are a number of ways of tackling the food security challenge is causing the major food havoc. Changes are needed to be made throughout the food supply chain, from where your lunch originates in the field to the point it arrives on your fork. But the real question here is can we do it in a sustainable way?
Global food production is increasing mainly by expanding the amount of land used for agriculture. That means destroying the natural habitat which provides other services 11% of global land area is already in agricultural production and some parts of the world have already exploited the majority of suitable areas for crop production.
So what other alternative option do we have?
By increasing the yields of existing farmland, which can be achieved through crop development and intensification of farm management .
Researchers today are concentrating to make high yield crops and creating varieties that are disease and pest resistance as well as can cope up with harsh weather condition.However, while more resilient crops that produce reliable harvests will help to provide a stable food system, simply producing more food will not solve food security. Particularly in the developed world, it is often the choices of consumers which drive the agricultural industry.
Reduction of meat consumption would dramatically increase the efficiency of food production by reducing the food waste and freeing up land to grow crops. If that doesn’t convince you, perhaps you should consider the impact that high meat consumption can have on your health.
Meat is very high in energy and fat and the quantity consumed within western diets is contributing to large increases in chronic diseases and obesity.
The thought about eating essential proteins in place of your tasty meat burgers will not sound very appetizing but it is slowly becoming popular throughout the world. Vegetable based proteins, algae, jellyfish and insects are just some of the options for substituting your steak. 80% of cultures around the world eat insects as a part of their normal diets.
These tasty alternatives have less saturated fat but are still packed with protein and nutrients and are increasingly available both online and in supermarkets. They require less land and resource to produce, so you would not only be improving your health but also saving the planet.
Tackling the food waste scandal will be central to increasing food availability around the world and highlights the inefficiencies of food production and consumption.
If we want to make food available to people who really need it we can really help to do that by doing something quite simple, which is to enjoy the food that we have and not throw it away!
The Orignal article is from The naked scientist