Genetic Engineering employs techniques and processes to artificially manipulate genes using biotechnology. Application of genetic engineering is popular in four key areas:
- Altering the genotype of crops to increase yields and quality, reduce pesticides use and make crops disease resistant
- Producing useful drugs, vaccines, and hormones at low costs
- Generating industrial chemicals at large scale
- Producing huge biomass that is used as fuel or can be processed into oils, alcohols, diesel, or other energy products
Bachelor’s Degree in Genetic Engineering
Most universities offer majors in life sciences, physical sciences or engineering, all of which will open your door to Genetic Engineering. Biology, however, is the most popular major among those going into Genetic Engineering.
Master’s Degree in Genetic Engineering
Many students who want to go into Genetic Engineering do their Master’s degree in biomedical engineering, which comprises of genetic engineering and molecular medicine. Most biomedical engineering students end up choosing the Ph.D. route, thus spending a long time in academic study committing to a long-term career. However, for those looking to a fast-track into a professional career in the industry, many universities offer a professional master’s degree in biotechnology preparing you immediately jumpstart your career in the industry.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Degree in Genetic Engineering
If you have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in the relevant fields, you can enter into a Ph.D. program with a focus on genetic engineering.
Below are the top 10 US universities offering degrees in genetic engineering:
- University of Pennsylvania
- University of Texas at Austin
- Duke University
- John Hopkins
- New Mexico State University
- Harvard University
- University of Massachusetts
- Oregon State University
- Case Western Reserve University
- Columbia University
Beyond these 10 universities, many other excellent colleges and universities offer highly competitive courses in genetic engineering.